All females deal with menstrual cramps in their life. Your menstruation cycle indicates your reproductive health and menstrual cramps can tell a lot about your periods.
All you need to know about menstrual/period cramps
Menstrual cramps are throbbing pain in the lower abdomen and may occur before or during the periods. The severity of pain differs from woman to woman. Most women notice their menstrual cramps at least after six months of getting their period. While on periods, the cramps may start stronger and go away as you approach the closing of your monthly menstrual cycle. Painful menstruation is called dysmenorrhea and is of two types – primary and secondary dysmenorrhea.
Primary dysmenorrhea is referred to as pain before or during menstruation. In contrast, secondary dysmenorrhea is the pain that appears later in your menstruation experience, and you have had your periods normal in the early stages of your period.
Who is at high risk of developing painful periods?
Several factors affect your periods –
- Being under the age of 20
- Family Inheritance of painful periods
- Heavy Bleeding during menstruation
- Irregular periods
- Reaching puberty early than expected
- Never having a baby
What are the causes of period cramps?
Hormone-like compounds, namely prostaglandins, mostly cause period cramps. These hormones are released from the uterine lining when it is on the verge of shedding off. These hormones are helpful for the uterus in contraction and relaxation for the easy detachment of the uterine lining (endometrium). These hormones are a necessary part of the process. They may cause severe period cramps if these happen to be in excess in the body by hindering the oxygen supply to the muscle tissues in the uterus.
Painful menstruation could also be the result of various medical conditions, as mentioned below:
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) – This is one of the most common health conditions that affect most women. Its symptoms such as mood swings, irritability can be observed 1 to 2 weeks before menstruation begins.
Endometriosis: This is a severe medical condition in which tissue similar to that of the one that attaches to your uterus lining starts to grow in other organs of your body like fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Fibroids in the Uterus: These are the non-cancerous tumors that grow or attach to the uterus walls. Most women experience it and could not identify it unless it shows pelvic pain, lower back pain, and more.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: This condition is a type of infection in the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. It is often transmitted sexually and can cause inflammation in the internal organs of the body.
Adenomyosis: In this condition, the wall of your uterus thickens, and that puts pressure can cause pain and inflammation leading to heavier periods during the menstruation cycle.
Cervical Stenosis: This is a rare type of health condition that occurs if the cervix is too small to easily let the menstrual blood flow without putting pressure on the uterus.
What are the symptoms of a menstrual cramp?
Menstrual cramps may go from lowest to severe. To know what these cramps feel like, look for the below symptoms:
1) Severe aching pain in your belly
2) Feeling of pressure in your belly
3) Hip Pain
4) Lower Back Pain
5) Inner Thighs Pain
6) Upset Stomach
8) Loose stools
How can you relieve your period pain and cramps?
If you are looking for all-natural hacks for treating your period cramps, you should try these below written effective ways and relieve your period cramps:
- Diet Changes: Your diet plays a significant role in helping you manage your periods. It would help if you avoided including such foods in your diet that could lead to inflammation and period cramps, such as less dairy products consumption during those days of the month. However, it would help if you tried to include certain supplementary foods in your diet like ginger, magnesium, zinc, and vitamin B1-rich foods.
- Medication: There are lots of anti-inflammatory medication options available on the market. You are recommended to check with your doctor and get a prescription for your medicine.
- Exercise: Exercising is likely to help ease the period cramps as it can increase the supply of oxygen to the organs in the body and increase blood flow in the abdomen. Moreover, exercise will boost the production of endorphins – the happy and feel-good hormones in the brain and block the pain-releasing hormones.
- Heat: Try heating pads for relieving your period cramps. This is the age-old tried, the tested and proven method by our grandmothers. It is cheap and poses no side effects. Using a heating patch on your abdomen helps increase the blood flow in the abdomen that eases the blood flow out of the body by reducing pain.
Can CBD help with period cramps?
There is a unique way to treat those nasty period pains and cramps. Extracted from cannabis Sativa, CBD is believed to be one of the cannabinoids that give cannabis medicinal properties. It can support the endocannabinoid system, a network of receptors and chemical messengers that help the body maintain homeostasis. CBD effectively supports our body by breaking our endocannabinoids due to its anti-inflammatory properties and improving the body’s pains and inflammation. This could eventually improve your menstruation experience.
In addition, CBD possesses the properties to generate happy hormones in the mind that alter your pain situation. It promotes the growth of feel-good hormones like serotonin, endorphins, dopamine in the body and diverts your mind from thinking about the pain.
The Bottom Line
Recapitulating, menstrual cramps could feel as bad as a heart attack. Excessive pain during the menstruation cycle could make it nearly unbearable. If your periods are too heavy, irregular, or painful, finding out the reason behind them is recommended. You should check with your doctor if your menstrual pain worsens despite the treatment mentioned above. Let us know in the comments if you have tried CBD for treating your menstrual cramps and pain.