All You Need to Know About Obesity

All You Need to Know About Obesity

Today, Obesity is a growing problem in North America. It is at an all-time high and with millions of people at increased risk for many diseases as a result of it. Recently it has been discovered that there is a

Today, Obesity is a growing problem in North America. It is at an all-time high and with millions of people at increased risk for many diseases as a result of it. Recently it has been discovered that there is a strong link between the mortality rate and Obesity Let's know more about Obesity and its initial warnings  

 
What is Obesity?  

Obesity is a health condition where the body gains extra weight. In addition to Obesity, weight can alone lead to several hazardous diseases.   

It is measured by calculating BMI- Body Mass Index.  

How to calculate BMI? BMI can be measured by dividing the weight of the concerned individual by the square of his height. So, if your BMI score lies between 18.5 to 24.9, you can consider your weight to be healthy. However, the individuals having a BMI score between 25 to 29.9 should consider themselves overweight. Now, for being under the obese range, your BMI needs to be 30 or higher.  

What are the health issues associated with Obesity?  

Obesity is a severe health issue, not only because it depletes your self-confidence, but also because it shelters numerous other health issues. Let's discuss some of these in details: -  

  • Type 2 Diabetes  
  • High Blood Pressure  
  • Heart Disease  
  • Stroke  
  • Cancer  
  • Sleep Apnea  
  • Osteoarthritis  
  • Fatty Liver Disease  
  • Kidney Disease  
  • Pregnancy Problems  

 

1. Type 2 Diabetes   

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, which makes its bearer insulin-resistant.   

Insulin regulates the level of carbohydrates in the body to meet our energy demands. Our collection, being insulin-resistant, can expose many heart and kidney diseases, such as high blood sugar level, high cholesterol level, amputation, stroke, etc. It is a severe issue and could be fatal to life Obesity is the seventh leading cause of deaths in the USA in 2009.  

What's worse? It can get transferred from one generation to the next through genes. Therefore, if you have diabetes, then your children may also suffer from the same in their adulthood. Its primary causes are low activity level, improper diet, and excess body fat around the waist, etc.   

 
 

How is type 2 diabetes linked to overweight?  

Though there is no scientifically proven relationship between excessive weight and diabetes, according to a study, more than 87% of the diabetic-patients are overweight. The fact that excessive weight makes our body insulin-resistant clears the reasons behind most of the events.   

On the other hand, the cells with high insulin-demand might suffer from extreme pressure and may get damaged.   

How can weight loss help?  

Physical fitness can be considered as the best remedy because it helps control sugar levels in the blood. Moreover, making the body starve for refined carbohydrates can also help restore the insulin sensitivity of the body, which can safeguard an individual from the impacts of type 2 diabetes.  

How much can weight-loss prevent or delay diabetes?  

According to the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) - a sponsored study of the National Institute of Health, overweight adults can reduce type 2 diabetes by losing 5% to 7% of their body-weight. Furthermore, moderate to intense exercise for approximately 150 minutes per week can help you lose the weight you need.  

   

2. High Blood Pressure  

Our heart pumps blood to different organs of our body, and the pressure is called either systolic and diastolic blood pressureGenerally, high blood pressure has no symptoms but is very dangerous and leads to many fatal medical conditions, such as heart diseases, stroke, kidney failure, etc.  

Normal blood pressure is between 120/80 mm Hg (often referred to as "120 over 80"). Systolic blood pressure (high blood pressure) is measured 140mm Hg or above, and diastolic blood pressure (lower blood pressure) is measured 90mm Hg or above.  

How is high blood pressure linked to being overweight?  

An individual's blood pressure and his weight profile are closely related to each other in several ways.   

For instance, we understand that overweight increases the natural size of the body. In that scenario, the heart works harder for pumping blood to every organ, and this excessive work results in extreme pressure on the heart.   

Apart from this, high blood pressure also exposes our kidneys to potential risks, which helps in regulating blood pressure.   

How can weight loss help?  

Weight loss can reduce the pressure of the heart. How? First, it reduces some inches from the body, so the soul needs not to put extra effort in pumping blood to different parts of the body. Moreover, it would also reduce cholesterol levels, which would result in clear and widened blood artilleries. It allows smooth blood flow through the veins and thus, lowers blood pressure.   

3. Heart Disease  

The term "Heart disease" is collectively used for any issue that can affect the heart, and the most common problem is when a blood vessel becomes hard and narrow. In this scenario, the heart does not get the required amount of blood because of the narrow pathway, and thus, with the same efforts, the heart pumps less blood than usual. A person suffering from heart disease is likely to suffer from a heart attack, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina (chest pain), or abnormal heart rhythm, etc.  

How is a heart disease linked to overweight?  

A person with excessive weight always remains at a high risk of suffering from heart disease. The problems, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and high blood sugar, become common among them. With excessive weight, your heart has to work harder to meet the body's blood requirement.  

How can weight loss help?   

By reducing 5% to 10% of the weight, an individual can reduce the risk of heart diseases and can even regulate his blood pressure, cholesterol level, and blood flow.  

4. Stroke  

The brain consumes 60% of the body's energy, and therefore, it requires more blood than any other part of the body. However, under certain unusual conditions, if blood circulation in a particular piece of your brain stops, the brain cells in the respective region might fail to function; scientifically, this condition is a stroke.  

Ischemic stroke is the most common stroke where a clot stops blood circulation in the artery carrying blood to the brain. Hemorrhagic stroke is another type of stroke in which blood circulates in the brain due to the explosion of blood vessels.  

How are strokes linked to overweight?  

Did you know that high blood pressure is the leading cause of strokes? Other than that, high cholesterol, high blood sugar, and heart disease are also the primary causes of stroke. All these things are the outcomes of overweight or Obesity. Therefore, being overweight can cause a stroke.  

How can weight loss help?  

Controlling blood pressure (the leading cause of stroke) is one of the best ways to reduce the chances of a brain-stroke, and interestingly, reducing body-fat percentage is found as an effective way to control high blood pressure. Apart from blood pressure, it also regulates the cholesterol and blood sugar levels of the body.  

5. Cancer  

Did you know that cancer is the second leading cause of death in the USA? The disease causes abnormal growth of cells within the body's infected parts, which might cause tissue damage (out of control growth). Apart from damaging tissues, the cancer cells could also spread to other parts of the body.  

How is cancer linked to overweight?  

The relation between weight-gaining and cancer is not clear, but weight gain has a hand in stimulating cancer-cells for sure. The hormones released by fat cells stimulate cell growth, which can worsen the condition of cancer patients. Therefore, any habit that results in weight gain may also increase the risk of cancer.  

How can weight loss help?  

Healthy eating and physical activities prevent weight gain. Avoiding weight-gain may lower cancer risks, but studies are still inconclusive about it.  

What types of cancers are linked to overweight and Obesity?  

There are many types of cancer, following are those which can be caused due to Obesity:  

  • breast, after menopause  
  • colon and rectum  
  • endometrium (lining of the uterus)  
  • gallbladder  
  • kidney  

6. Sleep Apnea  

Sleep apnea is a medical condition in which, while sleeping. Breathing is interrupted as the lungs stop moving. An individual suffering from sleep apnea might experience sleepiness during the daytime, concentrating problems, and heart failure.  

How is sleep apnea linked to overweight?  

Obesity is the primary cause of sleep apnea. With excessive fat in the body, fat accumulation around the neck is a common problem; however, it results in narrower airways, making it difficult to breathe. Excessive fat may also cause inflammation in the whole body, which can also lead to sleep apnea.  

How can weight loss help?  

If you can only reduce the body fat percentage, then the fat around the neck would also decrease, and thus, widening the airways, one can cure sleep apnea.  

7. Osteoarthritis  

Osteoarthritis causes pain and stiffness in joints due to aging or an injury when the protective tissue at the end of the bones wears down. It is usually caused in joints of the hands, knees, hips, and lower back.  

How is osteoarthritis linked to overweight?  

Excessive weight exerts extra pressure on the joints of the body and thus, makes them weaker. Moreover, it also wears down the flexible protective tissues of the joint.   

How can weight loss help?  

Losing weight can reduce jerks on the joints while running, walking, and sitting. It can even help reduce the inflammation of the body and, thus, help in recovering from osteoarthritis. Physical workout and exercises help reduce weight, but it can improve mood, reduce pain, and increase flexibility.  

8. Fatty Liver Disease  

Our liver has regenerative capabilities; i.e., it can heal itself after being damaged; however, its pace of regeneration is constant. Some diseases cause immense damage to the liver In these diseases, the liver fails to recover in time They include fatty liver diseases or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). They generally show mild or no symptoms, and therefore, recognizing them is difficult.   

How is fatty liver disease linked to being overweight?  

The causes of fatty liver disease or NASH is still unknown. However, some surveys say that there was one common factor among most of its patients - their weight; most of them were either obese or diabetic. Age didn't come up as a concerning issue as Obesity is common among children.  

How can weight loss help?  

As the cause of fatty liver disease is unknown, patients need to keep their bodies healthy by losing weight, eating healthy food, avoiding alcohol, etc. If anyone is suffering from fatty liver disease, maintaining a healthy weight may improve liver tests and reverse it.  

9. Kidney Disease  

Kidneys control blood pressure of the body and filter blood, and those diseases which hinder its functioning are called kidney diseases. As there would be no filtering of blood, the waste would accumulate in the body and lead to several health problems.  

How is kidney disease linked to overweight?  

Obesity is a significant promoting factor in chronic kidney diseases. It also leads to high blood pressure and diabetes, which are common causes of kidney diseases.  

How can weight loss help?   

In the early stage of chronic kidney diseases, weight loss is a decelerating factor that can keep your kidneys healthier. Besides that, reducing the amount of salt content in the food is also recommended for the patients, as it helps maintain the blood pressure and blood glucose levels in the target range.  

10. Pregnancy Problems  

During pregnancy, mother's health is a very crucial thing. Excessive weight or Obesity can be a risk factor, not only for the mother but also for the baby.   

Overweight pregnant women develop high blood-sugar levels, which might cause gestational diabetes. It makes the natural delivery difficult, and therefore, there arises a necessity of a C-section, which takes a long time to recover. Moreover, it can also lead to preeclampsia, where high blood pressure has severe adverse effects on the mother's health.  

Apart from that, surveys say the birth of a premature child is widespread among overweight pregnant women. It may also lead to miscarriage (of about 20 weeks of pregnancy) or even leads to neural tube defects in the newborn.  

How are pregnancy problems linked to overweight?  

Insulin resistance, high blood sugar, and high blood pressure are more likely to be developed in pregnant women. During surgery, these factors cause huge risks, such as blood loss, the delayed anesthesia effect, and prolonged surgery hours.   

It also has long term effects for both the mother and child. Moreover, the transmission of Obesity through genes increases the chances of the baby suffering from Obesity.  

How can weight loss help?  

Weight loss can be the best way to prevent most of the diseases during pregnancy. If you are planning for pregnancy and are overweight, then always remember that reaching within the healthy weight category should be your priority, as it will prevent future complications. You can also lose weight after delivery; it would also reduce all kinds of life-threatening factors for both mother and child.  

Conclusion  

As the machine needs maintenance for working nonchalantly, the human body needs some exercises for maintaining good health so that it can work with optimum efficiency, which is free from all sorts of harmful diseases. There is a slight difference between being overweight and obese, and the slope towards getting worse is too steep. Therefore, before you expose yourself to many harmful diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, fatty liver disease, etc. you should take preventive steps. Taking care of our bodies is better than taking any treatment. 

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