What are the most common sleep disorders?
Attributing all of them with one name, i.e., sleeping disorders, might not help you cure the one you are suffering, and therefore, you need to know sleeping disorders types. By knowing them, you can differentiate between them by understanding the symptoms.
People who have insomnia don't feel rested even after a full night's sleep. They may have trouble falling asleep or wake up frequently during the night Insomnia can cause problems as it can affect your daytime activities causing
- Circadian Rhythm Disorders
Many adults snore, but not many of them consider it a sleeping disorder. The noise that you make when you inhale during sleeping can wake you up. Snoring can also be a problem to others whose sleep is disrupted by a partner snoring.
Circadian rhythm disorders
Circadian rhythms are the internal 'clock' of your body. This clock is responsible for adjusting bodily functions and processes with various activities that you do at different times of the day. Circadian rhythm shifts can cause sleeplessness in people with jet lag, 9-to-5 work routines, and delayed sleep phase syndrome.
Sleep apnea is a more severe case of snoring, which blocks the upper airway. When the passage becomes blocked completely, it can cause you to wake up suddenly. This disorder can cause excessive daytime sleepiness, and in severe cases, it can also cause strokes and risk for a heart attack.
Pregnancy-related sleep disorders
Pregnant women often experience sleepless nights and daytime fatigue. During their first trimester, frequent trips to the bathroom and morning sickness can disrupt their sleeping cycles. After the delivery of the baby, postpartum depression may also interrupt sound sleep, causing sleeplessness, which can gradually contribute to anxiety.
Restless legs syndrome
Restless Leg syndrome is a tingling discomfort in the legs and feet. People feel an urge to move their legs and feet constantly for temporary relief, often during sleep. This delay in sleep onset and constant awakening may cause disruption of sleep for days on end—a common problem among middle-aged adults.
Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that disrupts a person's sleep/wake cycle. Although the exact cause of narcolepsy is unclear, researchers say genetic and environmental factors are at play. Some rare nerve disorders are connected to narcolepsy.
A stressful or frightful event triggers nightmares. Fever or illness, or the use of intoxicating substances like alcohol before sleep, are also causes of nightmares. Night terrors are more common in younger children. Adults who suffer from emotional tension and stress daily are candidates for bad dreams.
Other factors that impact sleep that affects sleep
- Lifestyle - People who consume caffeine, drink alcohol, or smoke tobacco is more likely to have sleep disorders compared to people who don't.
- Medication - Many drugs can cause sleeplessness as a side effect.
- Old age - People above the age of 60 may not sleep as deeply as they used to in their youth. Sleep apnea is more common in such people.
- Depression and Anxiety - Insomnia is a common consequence of depression and anxiety.
- Young age - Many infants need regular sleep of up to 16 hours in a day for cognitive development. As we age, the requirement for sleep decreases. School children might sleep for up to 10 hours, while most adults only need uninterrupted sleep for 7-8 hours to feel rested and relaxed.
Preventing sleep disorders Effective way to prevent sleep orders
Here are some tips that will help you avoid problems of sleeping all the problems mentioned in the sleeping disorders list and let you sleep like a baby:
- Try to go to sleep at the same time every night and wake up at the same time every morning. Sticking to a routine always helps
- Try not to take naps during daytime
- Avoid caffeine, nicotine or alcohol a few hours before going to bed
- Exercise regularly
- Don't eat a heavy meal late in the day
- Make your bedroom dark, cool and quiet
- A routine will help your circadian rhythms predict when to make your body fall asleep
Sleeping disorders are most common due to lifestyle factors. Following a routine throughout the day, getting your circadian rhythms in place, and creating a predictable sleep schedule can help you fall asleep on time. Getting a full night's sleep is immensely important for the repair, healing, and functioning of the body. It is also very crucial because sleep allows the brain to relax. Deep sleep is necessary for several cognitive functions, like reasoning and memory. Looking after ourselves and creating the right environment can help with many of the problems we have in getting a good night's sleep.