CBD vs. THC: What's the difference? | Ingeni Health

CBD vs. THC: What’s the difference?


As the legal use of marijuana and other cannabis products increases, many people are confused. With multiple choices and less education, a lot of users don’t know what to buy. With the vastly different characteristics of CBD and THC, this could cause a lot of unprecedented issues.

What are CBD and THC?

CBD and THC are both complex endocannabinoids found in the Cannabis sativa plant. The cannabis plant’s popularity in the medical, pharmaceutical and recreational sectors is due to its endocannabinoids. These complex compounds that are present in the plant give it the properties that make cannabis so popular. Out of them, CBD or cannabidiol is known for its medicinal properties. It helps to make the body more energetic and active, while also healing certain disorders that pertain to the mind. These include anxiety, stress, and the derivatives of these disorders. For instance, CBD’s constant usage may help in relieving post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), chronic inflammation, and signs of mild depression.

CBD is extracted from the Cannabis sativa strain, commonly known as hemp. Hemp is grown in the United States because of its low THC content and high CBD content. THC is the component of the cannabis plant that induces psychoactive effects on the brain. It is an intoxicating compound that gives us the “high” or “stoned” feeling. Cannabis strains with a high amount of THC, usually more than 0.3 percent, are banned in the United States and several other countries. These psychoactive and intoxicating effects are detrimental to the mind and may cause several other effects like reduced concentration, soft focus, and a half-asleep, drunken state (temporary).

CBD vs THC Benefits

CBD vs THC Benefits

CBD and THC are both endocannabinoids but significantly differ in their functions. While CBD is used for pharmaceutical purposes, THC is illegally used by people to get high. These compounds also vary considerably in their chemical structure. Some people believe that THC and CBD cause several expected medical benefits to people. But cannabis strains that are high in THC are banned in several states due to the attribution of their euphoric feeling after consumption.

Medical benefits of CBD

Although some reports say that THC and CBD may have expected health benefits, the following advantages are commonly linked with CBD uses. They include relief from:

  • Seizures
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Severe physical pain
  • Mild clinical depression
  • Migraines
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Inflammatory bowel disease

Medical Benefits of THC

THC is associated with the following bodily advantages. It can help with conditions like:

  • Muscle spasticity
  • Glaucoma
  • Insomnia
  • Low appetite
  • Side-effects of THC

Research has suggested that any side-effects that occur with CBD are due to interactions that may have originated from adverse reactions between CBD and other prescribed medications. However, the uses of THC-high cannabis strains have shown temporary side effects, such as:

  1. Increased resting heart rate
  2. Coordination problems
  3. Slower reaction times
  4. Temporary memory loss
  5. Dry mouth
  6. Red eyes

THC side effects are due to the euphoria and the psychoactive state of its consumption.


Many states in North America have taken the progressive approach to medical marijuana and have allowed medicinal purposes. However, every state differs slightly in defining and regulating legal use, prescription, or sale. Because of the absence of a federal law allowing the regular use of medical marijuana, it is illegal to use or prescribe medical marijuana in any state that does not have a rule that explicitly allows people to do so. Several states have also approved the use of marijuana for recreational purposes, whereas federally, medical marijuana for recreational purposes is not legal.

People tend to smoke, eat, or use marijuana strains that are high in THC levels with recreational use. They are motivated by the fact that THC produces psychoactive “highs” and intoxicating effects on the brain, which causes a temporary euphoric feeling. Marijuana strains that are high in CBD are not used for this purpose because CBD has an entirely different range of functions. CBD mostly decreases inflammation, reduces the level of cortisol in the brain, and brings a dopamine hit. At the same time, it is easing the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders, and seizures. It is also helpful at reducing psychosis and frequent migraines in several people.

Hence, the difference in both these complex compounds’ functionalities is the cause of different views in terms of legality. As long as THC produces an intoxicating and euphoric effect in the brain, no matter what its benefits are, governments will most likely be reluctant to legalize their usage. However, CBD being a non-intoxicating compound brings little harm in exchange for a plethora of benefits.


Outlining the various fundamental differences between THC and CBD may make an average marijuana user’s life a lot simpler. Since most people are still under-educated about the differences between hemp and marijuana, governments’ efforts to legalize usage are predominantly futile. It is only through awareness and educational programs about the facts and myths of CBD vs. THC that we may legitimize the use of CBD and bring to light the various side effects of the recreational use of marijuana.

Many people refrain from using CBD under the misconception that it will make them high. It is the removal of such superstitions that will make the CBD industry grow exponentially and bring the compound’s advantages and effects to more and more people, making their everyday lives better.

However, we encourage you to consult your medical practitioner and your State/ national laws before using any form of cannabis, keeping in mind the various nuances that are a part of the legalization of cannabis.

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