HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. As its name suggests, its presence indicates the malfunctioning of your immune system. Initially, HIV is transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse but there are a number of other ways in which a person can get infected by it. A new-born can get the infection through an infected mother genetically or by breastfeeding. One can get an infection by getting a shared shot or by a typical blade at a barber’s shop with an infected person. When HIV enters a person’s body it slowly weakens the immune system which takes 8-10 years to convert into AIDS.  


HIV affects the human body in three different stages: acute stage, chronic stage, and AIDS. In the acute stage the infected person develops flu-like symptoms, the chronic phase infected person’s CD4 cell count goes down, and finally, with no other symptoms and final stage AIDS is reached after a decade with no treatment. AIDS stands for Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome which is a chronic disease. One thing to bear in mind is that although HIV is the reason behind AIDS but not every HIV-infected suffers from AIDS. With proper medication and treatment HIV is hindered from developing into AIDS although it can be permanently cured. Antiretroviral therapy makes the infected stay into the stage 2.  


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